Thursday, 14 February 2019

The Grists of Charles Rose & Co Beers Pt 1

                               The Grists of Charles Rose & Co 1895 - 1898


                                                                MILD  ALES 
The earliest , lowest gravity`running` Mild Ale , "M" , brewed on Monday 14Th October 1895  was an infrequent brew , only produced on the odd occasion ; only three brewings are recorded between 1895 - 1896 .
DATE & Gyle No     Extract Malt %  Adjunct % Sugars %  O .Grav R.Grav F.Grav IBU ABV 
14/10/1895    96                 100 %6                               7 %+           1.039     1.010     1.007   16    4 %
15/02/1896    15                 100 %                               2.5 %            1.040    1.010     1.007   18 3.75%
27/06/1896    56                   85.75 %       14.25%      8.75%           1.034.5 1.009     1.006   18  3.5 %
The general differences in grist makeup  would , when taken in consideration with the % of the different extract malts made little difference to the general appearance and taste of this particular beer , designed to be brewed and drunk within say 2 weeks at the most from being racked to trade casks .The next Mild Ale in the cannon is ; the X Ale , a beer frequently brewed ; 83 times between 1895 - 1898 , with the average brewlength as racked being between 58 and 64 barrels per brew .
DATE & Gyle No   Extract Malt %  Adjunct % Sugars %   O.Grav  R.Grav  F.Grav  IBU ABV
23/09/1895    87            90.5 %                 9.5 %         8.75  %     1.048    1.012.5     1.009    18   4.75
31/07/1896    70            90.5 %                 9.5 %         8.75  %     1.048    1.013        1.010    26   4.75
29/01/1897     7             90.25 %               9.75 %       8.75  %     1.045    1.012.5   1.009.5   24   4.5
23/03/1898    23            95    %                 5  %           9.25  %     1.046    1.013        1.010    28   4.5
The grist make up hardly altered in the years covered , with an oddity in the shape of the dropping of High Dried Malt from the grist after Gyle No 91 ( 02/10/1895) . The brewing of X on 22/08/1896 was the first to contain Crystal Malt , at 4.5 % of the grist ,  useage which continued until Gyle No 26  (02/04/ 1897)  when a proportion of High Dried Malt was added to the grist , typically at around the 9.5 % mark , however by Gyle No 70 (07/08/1897), the use of Crystal Malt was halted , with High Dried Malt being omitted from the grist of X , by October 8Th 1897 (No 95) ; with the grist retaining only extract malts and , sugars until the brewing of  X on  Friday 25 Th March 1898 No 23 , when Flaked Maize was re introduced to the grist , at a percentage (avg) of  5 % , though there is an oddity in that the brewing on Monday 16 Th May 1898 ( No 38) didn`t include Flaked Maize in the grist , but returned in the next brew on 1 St June 1898 ( No 46 ) was using F;aked Maize again ; with the use of F.Maize being erratic in this gyle type throughout the rest of 1898 .
                                                    BITTER  BEERS
The Bitter beers of Rose`s ( B , XX , XXX ) , with the exeption of the B , were all frequent entries in the Brewing Books  ,with the B only being brewed on three occasions between 1895 - 1898 ; X X being brewed 147 times , and the XXX at 19 times .

Again , the use of High Dried Malt varied between 1895 - 1898 , with the first XX in the ledger  @ 16.5 % High Dried Malt (No 90 (30/09/1895) having NO adjuncts , only extract malts and sugars !! . 
The brewing of XX included a % of Flaked Rice , which along with Flaked Maize was the adjunct of choice at Rose`s ( Usually @ 9 - 9.5 - 9.75 % ), with the use of adjuncts in brewing XX  being a relatively consistent one , however there are numerous entries in the ledgers in 1895 that have only extract malts and sugars , No 111 Fri 11 Th Nov 1895 @ 0 % , yet the next brewing , No 114 on December 3 Rd included flaked rice , and did so until 31/12/1895 ,                  ( Brew No 122) . The use of F.Maize occurred from January 1896 ( 01/01/1896 , No 1 ) , in July 1896 a blend of the two adjuncts occurred 1/3 F .Rice to 2/3 Maize ; possibly a using up of materials as it doesn`t appear to occur again .
The next change in the grist make up of the XX occurs in the brewing of Tuesday 14 Th July 1896  (No 63) when Crystal Malt was introduced @ around 4.25 - 4.5 % , and it`s use continued until January 1897 , when the Crystal Malt was dropped ; by Brew No 8 it was back ; and by Brew No 12 , High Dried Malt was again being used at 9 % . The brewings of XX continued to vary , with certain brewings eg No 61 17/06/1897 only containing Extract and Crystal Malts , No Adjuncts and ; Sugars at the usual % levels , Other variations in the latter part of 1897 were the dropping and inclusion of both adjuncts , and High Dried Malt .
The Brewings of XX in 1898 were , generally consistent in grist make up and % `s , though High Dried Malt is absent in all brewings in this year , the main variation being the inclusion or not as the case may be of any adjuncts .
The composition of the grists of the brewings of XXX , are as varied as those of the brewings of  XX with the same variations and at roughly the same point in the year , with the first entry of XXX (25/09/1895) 
including both High Dried Malt and , Flaked Rice , the next brewing , No 94 on Oct 9 Th 1895 omitted the use of both adjunct and , High Dried Malt ( High Dried occurs again in brews No s 62 & 75 in 1897 at the same % values as Crystal Malt ) this had changed again by the very next brew when adjuncts were included again . Crystal Malt was included in the grist for XXX in Brew No 97 on Oct 23 Rd 1897  @ 4.5 % . 
However there is , a  brewing of the XXX which includes only one malt and , the relevant sugars ( No 114 Thursday 16 Th December 1897 ) , with the other gyles of XXX as brewed in 1898 , including at least one other Extract Malt , and an Adjunct .
     
DATE & Gyle No  Extract Malt  %  Adjunct % Sugars % Orig.G  R.Grav  F.Grav  IBU  ABV 

13/11/1895    107           90  %                     10  %  6.25 %    1.046.5    1.011      1.008    32     4.5 %
04/11/1896     28            90  %                     10  %  6.25 %    1.045.5    1.012      1.009    32     4.5 %
15/06/1898     47          100  %                                 10    %    1.046       1.012      1.009    30   4.75 %

X X 

30/09/1895      90         100 %                                   10 %       1.055      1.014.5    1.011    34   5.5 %
09/01/1896        3           90.75 %             9.75 %    8.25 %     1.053.5   1.015       1.010    30   5.5 %
(Godley)
06/04/1897       28          90.75 %             9.75 %    10  %       1.055      1.016       1.012    32  5.25 %
23/02/1898       15          100   %                             11.5 %      1.051       1.013      1.010    34  5.25 %

X X X 
25/09/1895       88            88  %                12  %    7.5 %       1.060      1.017     1.014     46  5.75 %    
23/10/1896       97            91  %                  9  %  8.25 %       1.059      1.017     1.014     42  5.5 %
12/05/1897       38         100   %                            9.75 %       1.058.5   1.016     1.012     42    6  %
16/12/1897      114        100   %                                 9 %       1.058      1.015     1.011     40    6  %
28/10/1898        91           91  %                 9  %   11.5 %       1.061       1.018    1.014     42   6.5 %



More on the grists of the Pale Bitters and Pale Ales of Charles Rose & Co soon !!!      

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